Wind energy: state of affairs and outlook
Published at 3 Dec 2021 - Updated at 3 Dec 2021
Wind energy is booming in France and now represents the 3rd source of energy after nuclear power and hydraulics. The development of wind energy, like that of other renewable energies, is at the heart of the energy transition and the weight of wind power in the French energy mix is set to increase in the decades to come. If the advantages of wind energy are numerous, it has been the subject of debate for many years and a greater level of acceptance at the local level is a condition for its future deployment.
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Wind power, the electricity of tomorrow ?Wind power is now the 3rd source of energy in France. Its weight in the French energy mix is set to increase in the context of the energy transition, with the objective of carbon neutrality by 2050.
Wind power: how does it work?A wind turbine is a device that converts the kinetic energy of wind into mechanical energy using an electrical generator located at the top of the mast. A distinction is made between wind turbines placed on land (onshore wind turbines) and those at sea (offshore wind turbines).
The advantages of wind energyWind energy has the advantage of being unlimited and clean. It also brings positive economic benefits through job creation and income generated at the local level. 73% of French people have a positive image of wind energy.
Why are wind turbines being debated ?Opponents of wind turbines blame them for producing too little electricity, having a negative impact on biodiversity, marring landscapes, causing noise pollution or even not being recyclable. As a result, wind farm projects are often the subject of disputes, particularly legal ones. However, measures are gradually being put in place in response to these criticisms.