Europe's challenge is to mend the rifts
Despite the limits and shortcomings of the European project, examined in our two previous articles, it is vitally important to realise just how bold this historic undertaking has been. Moreover, that boldness explains why the project has been quite resilient. A large amount of political capital has been invested in it, and it has always managed to weather crisis periods. Today, however, a number of rifts need to be mended, and the uncertainties about the future of European integration have never run so deep. In the aftermath of the UK referendum shock, the European Union stands at a crossroads. Brexit might create a centrifugal force leading to the breakup of the EU. There again, it might be the catalyst for strengthening the European project, thereby correcting its inadequacies and bridging its fault lines.